Muhammad mohammaed Allah
Sai Betweem Safa and Marwa

The step after performing Tawaf of Umra and Hajj is that of Sa'i between Safa and Marwa. These are the two hills adjacent to Masjid-ul-Haram. The literal meaning of Sa'i is "endeavour" or "seeking". The ceremony of Sa'i reminds us one of the incident, how a mother struggled in search of water in a desolate and arid place for her infant, the prophet Ismail Alyhe Salam . It is observed as a memorial of the event when Hazrat Hajra Razi Allah Ta’ala Unha ran between the two hills looking for water and entreating Almighty Allah for His Mercy and Blessings. Her prayers invoked Allah's Mercy and she found the water sprouting at the feet of her child. This struggle is also one of the ceremonies of the Hajj. This ceremony is called Sa'i.

1. It is Sunnah to perform Sa'i after Tawaf. A little pause due to fatigue or thirst is allowed. 2. Sa'i should be performed on foot unless there is a valid reason for hiring a wheel chair available at Masa, the place where Sa'i is performed. 3. Declaration of the intention to perform Sa'i is preferable. 4. Ihram is a condition for Sa'i for a pilgrim. 5.Ihram is also a condition for Sa'i for a Qarin (to wear Ihram for Hajj and Umra) and a Mufrid (to wear Ihram for Hajj only) when he/she is performing Tawaf-e-Qadum before Waquf-e-Arafat. 6. If Sa'i was not performed by a Mufrid after Tawaf-e-Qadum, it must be performed with in Ayyam-e-Nahr i.e. on the 10 th, 11 th and 12th of Zill-Hajja. It is ‘Makruh’ (odious) to delay Sa'i after the days of Nahr. 7. Sa'i is Wajib (expedient) for a Qarin after Tawaf-e-Qadum before the stay at Arafat where Ihram is a condition and after Tawaf-e-Ziyara where Ihram is not a condition. 8. For a pilgrim performing only "Umra", Sa'i is Wajib (expedient) after performing Tawaf.

The Masnoon Method of SA'I

After the completion of Tawaf, prayers at Maqam-e-Ibrahim and drinking Zam Zam water, one proceeds towards the ninth Istilam of Hajr-al-Aswad and then to the Safa Hill. According to the tradition as followed by the Holy Prophet Sallalaho Alyhe Wasalam it is Mustahab (desirable) to exit from Bab-us-Safa.In the Holy Quran, in Surah Baqra, Allah says: "Behold! Safa and Marwa are among the symbols of Allah. "When approaching the Safa Hill, male pilgrims climb up to the top, till Bait Allah is visible while females may stay at the bottom due to the crowds of men at the top. When the Kaba is visible, face it and make the intention of performing Sa'i. Recite the ‘Niyyat’ (intention): "O’ Allah! I intend the Sa'i of seven rounds between Safa and Marwa solely for your prayer and pleasure. Make it easy for me and accept it. "To feel the intention in heart is sufficient, but to pronounce it is better. The hands should now be raised as in supplication and not as in Takbir at prayer. Then pronounce Takbir and Tahlil and salutation on Prophet Muhammad Sallalaho Alyhe Wasalam with a tender voice and pray to Allah humbly and submissively. Pray for the rest of the world and one’s own self and praise Allah, recite Kalima-e-Tawhid and Tamjid. This hill is a place where prayers are accepted and it attracts Allah's approbation. This is where your struggles may be accepted by the Grace of Allah.

The prayer (Du'a) at this place narrated from the Messenger of Allah Sallalaho Alyhe Wasalam is preferable and is as follows: "Allah-hu-Akbar (Allah is Great) (Thrice) and all praise is due, to Allah for He showed us the guidance, blessed us, inspired us showed us the right path, and if He had not guided us, we would not have been guided. None has the right to be worshipped but Allah. He is one, without companion. For Him is the kingdom of heaven and earth. He makes to live and die and He Himself lives but never dies and in His hands is goodness, and He is all powerful. None has the right to be worshipped but Allah. Allah is true to His promise. He helped His servant and gave strength to his troops and routed the Confederates by Himself. And we offer sincere worship to none but Him. O’ Allah! Verily You have said and Your saying is true, that if You call upon me, I will hear You, verily You will not fail your promise and I beseech You not to tear off from me the faith of Islam as you have guided me to it, till You cause me to die as Muslim. Glory be to Allah and all praise is due to Allah and none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and He is Great and there is neither power nor strength except Allah, the Mighty, the Great.

O’ Allah, peace and blessing be on our chief Hazrat Muhammad Sallalaho Alyhe Wasalam and his family and his followers till the Day of Judgment. O’ Allah! forgive me, and my parents, and my elders and all Muslims and blessings be on all prophets and all praise is, due to Allah the Sustainer of the worlds”. This is the start of Sa'i. The first Shawat of Sa'i is started from Safa and ended at Marwa. While descending from Safa and proceeding to Marwa, there are two green pillars in the dip of the valley. These pillars indicate Meelain and Akhdarain. Between these the male pilgrims are to run as it is the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet Sallalaho Alyhe Wasalam. If a man is in a carriage, it should be moved at a fast pace between these two pillars.
There are particular Masnoon prayers (Du'a's) for each Shawat from Safa to Marwa and vice versa. The Muslims who perform the Hajj or Umra must run in the middle portion of the distance between Safa and Marwa seven times. Safa and Marwa are two hills close to the Kaba. This is a commemoration of one mother's sacrifice for her son. That mother was Hazrat Hajra Razi Allah Ta’ala Unha. Her son was the Prophet Ismail Alyhe Aslam and Prophet Ibrahim Alyhe Aslam was the husband of Hazrat Hajra Razi Allah Ta’ala Unha and the father of Hazrat Ismail Alyhe Aslam. Hazrat Hajra's Razi Allah Ta’ala Unha example of sacrifice took place when she and her baby were left in the valley of Makkah by Allah's order as a pioneer to start the civilization. Here was the wife of a prophet, the princess of the king of Egypt, left with her child in a desert. All this was done just for pleasing the Creator of all creations, the Omnipotent, and Omnipresent Allah.

As advised and ordered by Allah, the prophet Hazrat Ibrahim Alyhe Aslam reached the area, where there was a desert. He left his wife and his only son ‘Ismail’ Alyhe Aslam there and reached a place where Hazrat Hajra Razi Allah Ta’ala Unha and Ismail Alyhe Aslam could not see him. At that point he turned back, raising his hands in Du'a and said: "O’ our Lord! I have made of my offspring to dwell in a valley without cultivation by Your Sacred House; in order Our Lord, that they may establish regular Prayers; so fill the hearts of some among men with love towards them and feed them with fruits, so that they may give thanks." (The Quran 14:37)

Hazrat Hajra Razi Allah Ta’ala Unha stayed there in that arid valley and started drinking water from the water skin and her milk increased for her child. But when she used up all of the water, she ascended the Safa hill and looked, hoping to see somebody. The area was empty. She came down and then ran up to Marwa hill. She ran to and fro in search of water but in vain. Then she came back to check her baby infant Ismail Alyhe Aslam. He was about to die. And she could find no water for him or herself. She could not watch her son perishing. "If I go and look, I may find somebody", she said to herself. Then she went and ascended Safa Hill and looked for a long while but could not find anybody. In all, Hazrat Hajra Razi Allah Ta’ala Unha ran seven rounds between Safa and Marwa, in the hot, waterless, arid valley, where her thirsty baby lay. She thought to go back and check Ismail Alyhe Aslam. But suddenly she heard a voice. It was the Angel Jibreel Alyhe Aslam.

"Help us if you can offer any help by the will of Allah,” she said to him. The angel hit the earth with his heel where there was the heel of Ismail Alyhe Aslam on the desert sand. The water gushed out. Hajra Razi Allah Ta’ala Unha was astonished. She started digging and made a boundary. Allah Almighty, as she had rightly proclaimed, had not abandoned them. The Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Sallalaho Alyhe Wasalam, in a Hadith in Bukhari, where this incident is narrated, said, "If she (Hajra) had left the water to flow, naturally without her intervention, it would have been flowing on the surface of the earth."

Today we are enjoying the fruits of this mother's struggle and sacrifice. Many of us drink and have drunk from the well of Zamzam. And those of us who have performed Hajj run in a much more comfortable way than Hazrat Hajra Razi Allah Ta’ala Unha had ever did, between Safa and Marwa.

Today we are enjoying the fruits of this mother's struggle and sacrifice. Many of us drink and have drunk from the well of Zamzam. And those of us who have performed Hajj run in a much more comfortable way than Hazrat Hajra Razi Allah Ta’ala Unha had ever did, between Safa and Marwa.

Her commitment to her son, her sense of urgency and her un-shakable faith in Allah under such hard circumstances are examples not only of an excellent mother but also of a strong believer in Allah.

If you are going to perform Hajj this year, Insha Allah, remember this incident and think of that great mother, Bibi Hajra Razi Allah Ta’ala Unha, in whose memory the Muslims today run between Safa and Marwa


1.Great sacrifice by Sanjida Afzal. 2.Al Quran Fi Lisan by Dr.M.Hameed-ullah. 3.Sahih Bukhari.

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