Muhammad mohammaed Allah
Hazrat Mujaddid Alif Sani

Battle of Islam and Deen-e-Elahi:

Akbar fixed a day for the people to choose between Islam and Deen-e-Elahi. He ordered to set-up two courts beneath his place. One was named as the court of Muhammad and the other as court of Akbar. The tents of the court of Muhammad were erected with worn and torn clothes. Simple and tasteless food was prepared to entertain the people. The Court of Akbar was decorated with yellow brocade, jewels and rubies. Different types of tasty and dainty dishes were to be served. When Hazrat Mujaddid came to know about this program, he predicted that the king would be punished on that very day. The nobles and the common people were allowed to enter any one of the two courts. Hazrat Mujaddid Alif Sani Rahmatullah Alyh along-with his devotees including Khan-e-Khanan, Murtaza Khan, Syed Sadar Jehan and Khan-e-Azam etc, entered the court of Muhammad. The other courtiers, ministers, chiefs and nobles of the king stepped into the court of Akbar with pride. Both the parties were busy in enjoying the feast when Hazrat Mujaddid sent one of his devotees to draw a line around the court of Muhammad Sallalaho Alyhe Wasalam and to throw a handful of dust (blown over by Hazrat Mujaddid) towards the court of the king. As soon as he cast the dust, a terrible storm arose from the north which turned Akbar's court topsy-turvy. The ropes and pegs of the tents broke and fell down upon the heads of the followers of the king. It was a terrible scene to watch. The doors of the upper room of the king fell down upon the head of the king. The king fell down on the floor and he died after seven days, on 15th October, 1405 A.D. A whirlwind encircled the court of Muhammad but all the people were safe and sound. When people saw the wonder miracle, thousands of people became his disciples. The nobles like Khan-e-Jehan Lodhi, Sikander Khan Lodhi and Darya Khan etc. became his disciples on that very day.

Prince Jahangir ascended the thrown and the orthodox Muslims heaved a sigh of relief at the death of Akbar. Hazrat Mujaddid Rahmatullah Alyh did not take rest and carried on the movement more vigorously. He wrote to Sadar Jahan: "Now when there has been a change in the Empire and the opposition (of Islam) by other religions has been disrupted, it is obligatory on the part of great men of Islam, Ulama and ministers to devote themselves with full energy and attention to promote the laws of the Shariat. At the first opportunity, the tenets of Islam which had been over-ruled should be established because in delay there in no safety". Besides writing letters to the nobles, he adopted another useful method for the revival of Islam. He trained a number of his disciples and caliphs for this work and deputed them to different parts of the country and beyond India to project Islam in true letter and spirit. The systematic work of preaching Islam began for the first time in the history of Islam in India. Hazrat Mujaddid Rahmatullah Alyh himself occasionally visited the capital, ( Agra) on the invitation of Meran Sadar Jahan and Sheikh Farid Bukhari. The effect of his work was felt in every nook and corner of the country. Some Iranian Chiefs especially the Prince Minister Asif Khan poisoned the ears of Jahangir and said that Hazrat Mujaddid Rahmatullah Alyh was preparing a large army of his devotees who would prove dangerous for the king. They also blamed Hazrat Mujaddid Rahmatullah Alyh to have claimed equality with Hazrat Abu Bakar Razi Allah Ta'ala Unho , the first caliph of Islam and that he regarded himself greater than the latter.

Hazrat Mujaddid Rahmatullah Alyh was summoned in the court. He was questioned about the above-mentioned letter. He replied in the negative and to elaborate his answer further he cited an example: "If your Majesty summons an ordinary person to serve you and as an honors you speak to him the secrets, surely that person will reach you after crossing the ranks of 'Panj-Hazari' Umara. Afterwards he will return to his place. This does not mean that the man will become higher in rank than the 'Panj-Hazari' Umara". Asif Khan, the brother of the Queen Noor Jehan then pressed the king to demand Sajdeh (Prostration) from Hazrat Mujaddid as a proof of his loyalty. His Farooqi (second caliph of Islam) blood boiled in him and he made an historic statement: "This head cannot bow before anyone except Allah". So he refused to prostrate before the king. This neglect of court etiquette made the king angry. The poet of the East Allama Iqbal has paid a rich tribute to this greatest Sufi and the bravest person of his times, in his poetry: Stars feel ashamed of The particles of this dust Wherein lies That knower of the secrets Who did not bow his neck Before Jahangir Whose warm breath infuses Enthusiasm into free people He was the guardian Of Ummah's wealth in India Whom Allah made aware Of the danger (to Islam) Well in time

The king was mad with fury as no one had dared to disobey his orders since his ascension to throne and he was the greatest king of the world, a superpower of that age. King: "Prostrate before me or I'll make you bow". Sheikh Ahmad: "You can never make me bow before you". A great scholar Mufti Abdul Rehman was present in the court. He was a devotee of the Sheikh. He wanted to save the life of Sheikh, so he re-quested him to prostrate to save his life. Mullah Abdul Rehman: "I give the 'fatva' (verdict) that prostration is inevitable for you to save your life". Hazrat Mujaddid: "Mullah! This verdict is for you to follow not for me. Thousands of Prophets and their companions sacrificed their lives in the way of Allah. I'll sacrifice my life following their sunnah but shall never bow before the king". King: "As nobody had disobeyed me till yet, I request you to bow a little of your head and after that you are allowed to go". Hazrat Mujaddid: I'll never bow my head for this reason. The king ordered a few of his nobles to bow down the head of the Sheikh a little. Ten of the most powerful and gigantic nobles stood at once and tried their best to bow down his head but in vain. As he was a delicate Sufi, his nose started bleeding during this struggle. Then the king and the Prime Minister thought of another plan. The king ordered his guards to bring the Sheikh before him through a small door. He thought that in this way, he would be forced to bow his head while passing through the small door and the king would assume that the Sheikh had prostrated before him. Hazrat Mujaddid Rahmatullah Alyh foresaw the plan and he brought his foot out from the door but did not bow his head. The minister whispered to the king that the Sheikh was very proud and his feet implied that he would trample his kingdom under his feet. He should be locked up otherwise he would create great disturbance in the country. So the king ordered to imprison the Sheikh. A great Hindu was the eye-witness of this incident. He was an idol-worshipper and an enemy of Islam but he was deeply impressed by the stead-fastness and fortitude of the Sheikh as he was the only person who did not prostrate before this despotic king otherwise everyone had either to prostrate or to be beheaded. The Raja requested Asif Jah to put the Sheikh into his Prison. Asif Jah agreed. The Raja took the Sheikh and his followers to his empire. He treated them as guests of honour and entertained them. Then he embraced Islam among his followers. Groups of people visited the Sheikh daily. They repented and became his disciples. Not only a large number of Hindus accepted Islam but an infinite number of Muslims reformed their lives in his company. When Asif Jah heard these news, he requested the king that the Sheikh must be imprisoned to a safe and isolated place to stop his contact with the people. So it was decided that the Sheikh must be sent to the Gowaliar Fort. It was the safest fort of India situated on a high hill, 24 miles away from the Royal comp. The Sheikh and his caliphs and followers were sent to that fort at night. The officials of the fort were ordered not to let anybody enter the fort.

Battle of Jhelam:

The nobles who were the disciples or devotees of Hazrat Mujaddid Rahmatullah Alyh like Mohabat Khan, Murtaza Khan, Khan-e-Khanan, Syed Sadar Tehan, Khan-e-Azam, Islam Khan, Sikandar Lodhi etc. and Khan Jehan Lodhi were transferred to distant places. When they heard about the imprison-ment of their Sheikh, they wrote letters to one another to fight a war against Jahangir. They all decided to launch a war under the leadership of Mohabat Khan, the Governor of Kabul. The Mughals and Pathans around Kabul also joined these forces. Mohabat Khan marched towards Dehli, The name of the king was deleted from the currency and Friday sermon. The king marched towards Kabul with a very large army. Both the armies stopped at the bank of river Jehlum. Mohabat Khan was the greatest general of that time. He dispersed his army and only a few of his guards were with him. The army of the king attacked Mohabat Khan. Mohabat Khan steered his horse and dis-appeared. The army of the king was still following him. Mohabat Khan gathered his army within no time and encircled the king. He arrested Jehangir and Asif Jah. He also ordered his men to tie a nosebag of filth at the mouth of Asif Jah. He warned Asif Jah that he was res-ponsible for the imprisonment of Hazrat Mujaddid. All the nobles had sent letters to Hazrat Mujaddid Rahmatullah Alyh to accept the throne of India. The reply of Hazrat Mujaddid Rahmatullah Alyh has become historic and it is a lesson to all the Sufis, saints, Ulama and other people who want to get power by hook or crook, "Stop this brawl and tumult and obey the king. Why are you making disruption? I do not long for an empire. I have to do another job for which I have accepted the prison willingly. When that work will complete, I shall be released from the prison without your effort. It is better for you to keep away from this disorder. Be patient, God wailing, I shall be set at liberty". When the battle took place, the forces of Jahangir fought bravely in the beginning but soon they took to their heels. The author of Tehqeeqaat-e-Chishti has written that Jahangir was taken into custody of Mohabat Khan for seven days and he was set free by a written order of Hazrat Mujaddid Alif Sani Rahmatullah Alyh (from the fort of Gawaliyar). When the king read the letter of Hazrat Mujaddid Rahmatullah Alyh, he repented deeply and confessed that he was misguided about the Sheikh and he promised to set him free before Mohabat Khan and other nobles.

According to the orders of Hazrat Mujaddid Alif Sani Rahmatullah Alyh, Mohabat Khan vowed to obey Jahangir as the king of India. After his release Jahangir went to visit Kashmir. The king stressed Asif Jah daily to send orders for the liberty of the Sheikh to the fort of Gawaliyar, but as Asif Jah was a Rafizy, he did not implement the orders and used delaying tactics. Prince Shah Jahan warned the king that if the Sheikh was not set free soon, a great calamity would befall on the empire. Queen Noor Jahan also tried her best for the release of the Sheikh. Jahangir's daughter saw the Holy Prophet Sallalaho Alyhe Wasalam in a dream. The last Prophet Sallalaho Alyhe Wasalam said to her: "I am angry with your father as he has imprisoned my favourite Hazrat Mujaddid Alif Sani Rahmatullah Alyh".

When Jahangir heard about the dream, he sought forgiveness of the Sheikh for his disobedience and mis-deeds and he issued orders of his release but the great Sheikh refused to come out of the prison unless his following demands were fulfilled: When the king vowed to accept all the demands, the great Sheikh stepped out of the prison after a year. 1) The custom to prostrate before the king must be banned. 2) The Muslims should not be checked from slaughtering the crows and the king himself must slaughter a cow with his own hands. 3) The demolished mosques (by the Hindus) must be re-built by the state. 4) The Infidels must be extorted with Jizyah (Toll-tax) 5) The laws of Muhammadon Shariat must be implemented. 6) All guiltless prisoners must be released. 7) The king should build a mosque in front of his court for the Muslims to offer prayers. The great Sheikh followed the Sunnah of Prophet Joseph A.S by suffering the rigours of prison. Thousands of infidels accepted Islam at his hands in the prison. The great Mujaddid Rahmatullah Alyh himself said: "I have been brought here for the guidance and training of he people. If the king had not been angry with me how would have these prisoners been rightly guided and how would have I ascended to those lofty ranks (of Sufism)". The king requested him to stay with him, which he readily accepted. I don't agree with the writers who have stated that the Sheikh was forced to stay with the Royal army. As he was the greatest Sufi-Saint of the world, he preferred the Will of Allah and his Prophet Sallalaho Alyhe Wasalam to his own will. He sacrificed his life, wealth, property even his progeny for the Will of Allah like Prophet Ibrahim A.S. Secondly he knew that his sons were guiding the people successfully on his behalf. No one, even the king himself, could make him prostrate in the court and no body could make him stay with the Royal army. It was a voluntary act. He obeyed the Will of Allah when he was staying with the Royal army, he visited the tomb of Khawaja Moin-ud-Din Chishty at Ajmair Rahmatullah Alyh. He meditated and felt: "Hazrat Khawaja Moin-ud-Din Chishty Rahmatullah Alyh advised me not to leave the army, but to leave this matter to the Will of Allah". The great Sheikh was released from the prison in 1029 A.H and he stayed with the Royal army still 1033 A.H for four years. The result of this blessed company of the Sheikh was that the mind of Jahangir was revolutionized and he was changed into a true Muslim. He believed in the miracles and greatness of the Sheikh. A writer, Muhammad Mian writes: "Anyhow because of the bless-ings of these special meetings and favour (of the Sheikh), the king repented at his divine hand and gave up drinking and other forbidden things". Not only the king but also his nobles and issues repented of their sins. Jahangir admired the wonderful influ-ence of the Sheikh when the son of Khan-e-Jahan (a great noble) repented of drinking wine during his youth.

Jahangir fell seriously ill when he come back from Kashmir. He sent a messenger to request the great Sheikh to pray for him. The Sheikh left for Kashmir, after staying for a few days with his family. Our Holy Prophet Sallalaho Alyhe Wasalam used to nurse his worst enemies. The great Mujaddid followed the Sunnah of the Prophet Sallalaho Alyhe Wasalam by visiting Jahangir. The king requested him to pray for him. The Sheikh promised to pray for him provided the king would assured him of implementing the laws of Islamic Sharia. As the king was suffering form Asthma (a fatal disease during those days), he promised to enfore Sharia in India after his recovery. As soon as the Sheikh prayed for him, the king recovered. When the royal caravan reached Sarhand, Jahangir requested: "As I have recovered because of your prayer, I shall break my abstinence with the meal from your free Public kitchen". The Great Mujaddid Rahmatullah Alyh went home and sent the lunch through his elder sons; Hazrat Khawaja Muhammad Saeed Rahmatullah Alyh and Hazrat Khawaja Muhammad Masoom Rahmatullah Alyh. The king ate the lunch and said to Asif Jah: "I ate the lunch sent from the house of the Sheikh. It was very delicious, especially the chicken was cooked excellently. I ate the half of it and saved the other half to eat on the next day". The king ordered for the implemen-tation of Sharia in the whole country. He ordered to build mosques and schools in every village and city. Ban on cow meat was lifted and it was being sold openly in the bazaars. The custom of prostration before the king was prohibited. The king with his nobles slaughtered cows before the public court and all of them ate the 'kababs' cooked of beef. The king built a mosque in front of the door of the court. The king with his nobles came to the mosque and offered the prayers under the Imamat (leadership) of Hazrat Mujaddid Alif Sani Rahmatullah Alyh. One thousand army men took the oath of allegiance to the Sheikh. At least twenty thousand people attended the company of the Sheikh daily.

Prime Minister Asif Jah sent for Noor Ullah Shastari from Iran. He was the leader of Rowafiz. Asif Jah praised the new scholar before the king. By and by king was impressed by him. Now Asif Jah decided to press the king to issue an order for the implementation of Shia Religion. When the great Sheikh came to know about this intrigue, he held a meeting with the king and advised him to adhere to the religion of his forefathers. One day Noor Ullah Shustri reproached the companions of the Holy Prophet Sallalaho Alyhe Wasalam. He also admonished Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Rahmatullah Alyh and Sheikh Saleem Chishti Rahmatullah Alyh. The king could not tolerate it and he ordered to trample him under the feet of a mad elephant. The Queen Noor Jahan requested the king very humbly to spare the life of Shastri. But Jahangir replied. "My beloved! I have given you my life but not my faith".

And Shustri was trampled under the feet of a mad elephant. Asif Jah felt humiliated at this incident and he sent for the Christian clergies form Europe. Asif Jah introduced them to the king and admired them. They impressed the king by showing some feats and marvels. The foolish king decided to adopt Christianity. When the great Mujaddid Rahmatullah Alyh came to know about this state of affairs, he called on Jahangir and scolded him for adopting the abrogated religion. The king argued that the clergies had shown marvels. Hazrat Mujaddid Rahmatullah Alyh sent for the clergies and asked them to show their marvels before the king but in vain. Then the clergies claimed that their prophet granted lives to the dead. The great Sheikh said that even the slaves of our Holy Prophets Sallalaho Alyhe Wasalam can full down the sky over the earth at a signal. The king was frightened and he requested the Sheikh not to show such a miracle, which would destroy all of them. The great Mujaddid looked at a group of clergies with a divine wrath. All of them fell down and died. He told the other group that he could bring them to life again if they wished. All of them requested him to do the same. The Great Sheikh said: "Stand up with the orders of Allah". And all the clergies stood up as living beings. The other group was also treated like this. But they firmly stuck to their religion and did not repent. Then the king ordered his guards to kill all the clergies present in the court. He also ordered to expel the Christians from his country. After this incident Asif Jah felt deeply ashamed. He repented and he begged pardon of the Sheikh.


1. Sardar Ali Ahmad. Khan: The Naqshbandis, P-91 Sharaqpur Sharif Pakistan-1992.
2. Prof. M. Ikram: Maadn-e-Karam P-307, Hazrat Karmanwala Okara-2001.
3. Muhammad Ihsan Sarhandi: Roza-tul-Qayumia Vol-1, Lahore 1996.
4. M. Yousaf: Jawahar-e-Naqshbandia P-251, 252, Faisal Abad-1979.
5. Prof. Dr. M. Masood Ahmad: Mujaddid Hazara Doem Karachi-1997.
6. Pakistan History Board: A short History of Indo-Pakistan P-298, Karachi-1940.
7. Jamil Athar: Sheikh-e-Sarhand P-121 Lahore 1999.
8. Mian Saeed Ahmad Sharaqpuri: Nawa-I-Ahl-I-Sunnat Monthly Sheikhupura August 2001.
9. Muhammad Ihsan Sarhandi: Roza-tul-Qayumia Vol.1 P-175. Lahore 1996.
10. M. Abdul Hakeem Shah Jahan Puri: Tajaliyat-e-Imam-e-Rabbani P-73, Lahore.
11. Abu Daud: Sannan Abu Daud Al-Tibranni, Sahaha Sitta Vide P-125 The Naqshbandis.
12. Al-Baihqi: Vide P-125 The Naqshbandis
13. Qazi Zahoor Ahmad: Aaftab-e-Sarhand P-35- Sharaqpur Sharif-2000
14. Muktubat Imam-e-Rabbani: Letter No.4 Vol.1-2
15. Dr. I. H. Qureshi: Ulama In Politics, P-98 Karachi-1972
16. Abdul Qadar Badayooni-Muntakhib-ut-Tavarikh: Vol-II P 272
17. Prof. Dr. M. Masood Ahmad: Seerat Mujaddid Alif Sani P-105-112 Karachi-1983
18. Badr-ud-Din Sarhandi: Hazraat-ul-Quds, Vol-II, P-156-157 Lahore-1922.
19. Allama Iqbal: Bal-e-Jarail P-211, Lahore 1947
20. Dr. I. H. Qureshi: A History of Freedom Movement, P-20 Karachi-1957
21. Mian Jamil Ahmad Sharaqpuri: Hazrat Mujaddid Alif Sani, P-10, Sharaqpur Sharif
22. T.W. Arnold: The Preaching of Islam Lahore, 1956, P-412
23. M. Hashim Kishmi: Zabdat-ul-Maqamat P-283 Sialkot- 1407 A.H
24. Muhammad Mian: Ulama-e-Hind Ki Shandar Mazi Vol-I, P-117-118, Dheli 1358 A.H.
25. Jahangir: Tuzk-e-Jahangiri Lahore-1960, P-636
26. Ali Akbar Hussain Urdastani: Majmul-ul-Aolia P-442, London.

View All    
  Copyright + 2006 All Rights Reserved. Created by: Websouls